The foot and ankle are incredibly complex structures with a lot of moving parts. In this article, we are going to define 10 lesser-known terms relating to the foot and ankle that you should know.
- Lateral malleolus– The end of the fibula, the most prominent bone on the outside of the ankle.
- Ligament– A band of tissue that connects one bone to another, typically to support a joint. Ligaments are made primarily of collagen. Injury to a ligament is referred to as a sprain.
- Medial malleolus– The most prominent bone on the inner side of the ankle.
- Osteoarthritis– Osteoarthritis is primary arthritis of the joint and may be related to family history.
- Rheumatoid arthritis– One of the inflammatory arthritis diseases. This is an autoimmune disorder where the patient’s immune system malfunctions and attacks the cartilage and tendons.
- Sprain– An injury causing tearing of a ligament. Sprains vary in severity and can range from a partial tearing of the ligament to a complete rupture.
- Tendon– A tendon is a structure in the body that connects muscle to bone. As the muscle contracts, it pulls on the tendon which moves the bone. Tendons are made mostly of collagen. Inflammation of a tendon is called tendonitis. Tendons can tear or rupture if they are pulled too hard by the muscle, or if they degenerate.
- Tibia (shinbone)– The large bone of the leg that extends from the knee to the ankle.
- Valgus– Tilted “outward” or away from the midline of the body.
- Varus– Tilted “inward” or towards the midline of the body.
Contact a Foot & Ankle Specialist
If you are experiencing foot or ankle pain that’s disrupting your ability to live life to the fullest, contact Dr. McDonald today! Dr. McDonald is a board-certified orthopedic foot and ankle surgeon with years of experience treating patients for all types of foot and ankle conditions. Request an appointment today!